History of Kühlungsborn

Kühlungsborn earlier and today

Once upon a time a seaside resort...

What glorious times when the ladies were still wearing frilly bathing costumes? By 1880 Brunshaupten, Arendsee and Fulgen accommodated an imposing number of visitors. At that time the first beach paths and single-sex public baths were built. When the connecting path between Brunshaupten and Arendsee – today called Ostseeallee – was opened for development in 1904, the first splendid villas in the “Bäderarchitektur” came into being. Elegant guest houses were offering their well-situated guests an adequate atmosphere to enjoy the best time of the year.

Aktion Rose

A turning point in history took place after World War II. In 1953 many hotels and guesthouses were expropriated due to the “Aktion Rose”. The splendid villas were brought under public control and transformed to vacation homes of the FDGB (Free Federation of German Trade Unions) holiday service.

After German reunification wise city fathers were able to rebuild the historic scene of the old villas (around 1900).

To holiday here was very popular with visitors. But the First World War caused the streams of guests to come to a standstill. However, from 1925 on, the numbers increased visibly. It became established as a resort where families were very welcome. In 1938 Brunshaupten, Arendsee and Fulgen were combined, received the status of a town and the new name “Ostseebad Kühlungsborn”. Hitherto the town of Brunshaupten and Arendsee worked against each other and vied for the attention of guests. Therefore you still can find many buildings twice e.g. concert garden East and West. Until today three flying seagulls in front of a blue background on the city coat of arms symbolise those three old parts.

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Local Chronicle

1219 | The name Brunshaupten is mentioned for the first time in a deed of foundation of the nunnery of the nuns of the Sun Kamp.
nach 1250 | The early Gothic village church of Brunshaupten is built.
1275 | Duchess Anastasia donates the village of Arendsee to the Abbey of Sun Kamp.
um 1850 | Leaseholder Wittholz hosts the first swimmers in his house in the Fulgen.
1857 | Leaseholder Wittholz builds a lodging house and advertises guests with a bathing brochure.
1878 | The lighthouse on the Buk takes its operation.
1880/81 | The first bathers are in Brunshaupten.
1882 | Arendsee receives a distress rescue station.
1884 | For the first time, bathers take lodging in Arendsee.
1898 | The road between Kröpelin and Brunshaupten, which is so important for guest traffic, is being completed.
03.05.1908 | The Kurhaus Brunshaupten is opened. It is considered the largest and most comfortable hotel in Mecklenburg at this time.
12.5.1910 | The extended railway line from Doberan to Heiligendamm to Arendsee is released for traffic.
1918 | On the battlefields of the First World War (1914 to 1918) 119 inhabitants of the municipalities of Brunshaupten and Arendsee fell.
1930 | A total of 27,000 summer guests are reported for Brunshaupten and Arendsee.
01.04.1937 | The municipalities of Brunshaupten-Fulgen and Arendsee are joined to the municipality of Brunshaupten-Arendsee.
01.04.1938 | The municipality of Brunshaupten-Arendsee is given the name city and the new name of the town of Kühlungsborn.
1939/45 | Most of the hotels and guesthouses are used as hospitals as well as shelters for bomb victims and refugees.
02.05.1945 | Troops of the Red Army occupy the city uncontested.
1946 | The bathing operation is resumed.
1947 | After the establishment of the holiday service of the FDGB (Free German Trade union Confederation) a rebuilding of the baths is carried out.
10.02.1953 | Start of the infamous "Action Rose", in which owners of hotels and pensions as well as medium-sized businesses are expropriated, expelled and convicted. After the turn, far-sighted city fathers succeeded in restoring the historical views of the villas built around 1900.
1958 | The campsite is opened.
1967 | The number of holidaymakers exceeds the number 100,000 for the first time.
1969/72 | The sea-water swimming-pool is created.
1990 | A brisk new construction and refurbishment activity is set in.
03.10.1991 | The pier is solemnly inaugurated.
1998 | The Baltic Sea Clinic (allergology, Dermatology, pediatrics, pulmonology) takes up its operation.
01.08.2001 | The tourism services Kühlungsborn GmbH is established and takes over the tasks of a classic Spa management.
1.4. 2004 | The boat Harbour is fully operational.
2007 | The international press Centre for the G8 summit in Heiligendamm is located in Kühlungsborn Ost.