Since the 12th century, building with bricks has been a popular way of building buildings in northern Europe. The first buildings thus belong to the brick romance, until the brick Gothic in the 16th century passed into the brick renaissance.
Typical of this style is the absence of any figurines or sculptures, as this was not possible with bricks. Masonry ornaments or special structuring of surfaces with the help of red and glazed bricks or whitewashed wall surfaces nevertheless made it possible to give the brick Gothic a little more abundance and beauty.
Many cities, which are particularly characterised by brick buildings as well as individual buildings of this style, are now partly also UNESCO-world Heritage sites.